Electric Motor usually used in a wide range of applications
An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. This power is usually used in a wide range of applications, including industrial machinery, household appliances, and vehicles.
A key part of an electric motor is its stator. This is the core of the electric motor and is typically composed of a laminated magnetically soft ferromagnetic material with a number of windings (electromagnets) wound around it.
The electromagnets are energized by brushes carrying current through the coils. As they turn, the magnets generate a magnetic field that interacts with the stationary field of the stator (which can be produced by permanent magnets or another coil winding), causing the rotor to rotate.
Electric motors are generally rated in watts or kilowatts. This indicates the maximum continuous shaft torque the motor can develop for a given active current, voltage, pole-pair number, excitation frequency, and air-gap flux density.
There are many different types of electric motors, some designed for specific purposes and others that can be adapted for a variety of uses. The most common types are DC and AC motors, which use alternating current and direct current, respectively.
Unlike the internal combustion engine, which requires regular maintenance and repair, electric motors have a shorter life span and require only minor wear parts. The resulting lower costs of ownership make them popular for small businesses and residential use, as well as in industrial and commercial applications.